In a male, one year old, friesian calf the presence of abundant reddish exudate was observed in the pericardial sac. The liver was also involved, it was pale and with a conspicuous lobular pattern.

The lesion observed in the heart is a chronic fibrinous-haemorrhagic pericarditis. In cattle one of the most common causes is the presence of sharp objects that can puncture the wall of the reticulum, diaphragm and pericardium causing the inflammatory reaction (traumatic reticulopericarditis).

The lesions observed in the liver are consistent with those that occur when chronic passive congestion ensues. It is known as nutmeg liver and consists of red (periacinar) regions with hemorrhage and loss of hepatocytes due to hypoxia that contrast with regions of paler, possibly fatty, hepatocytes (periportal). This image resembles the inside of a cut nutmeg seed .

Diastolic volume reduction due to the pericarditis may explain the congestion in the liver.

Chronic  fibrinous-haemorrhagic pericarditis.

Chronic fibrinous-haemorrhagic pericarditis.

The liver vas paler than usual.

The liver vas paler than usual.

An evident lobular pattern coud be appreciated in the hepatic parenchyma.

An evident lobular pattern coud be appreciated in the hepatic parenchyma.

The appearance of the cut section of the nutmeg seed (arrowhead) resembles the pattern observed in livers with passive chronich congestion. (Image source: www.plant-pictures.de)

The appearance of the cut section of the nutmeg seed (arrowhead) resembles the pattern observed in livers with passive chronich congestion. (Image source: www.plant-pictures.de)