African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly lethal hemorrhagic disease for domestic pigs and European wild boards. ASF is a disease of mandatory declaration to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and is caused by African Swine Virus (ASFV), a rather complex and large virus against which there is no treatment, nor vaccine, thus relying for its control in its early detection and slaughtering of infected and potentially exposed animals.
Tuberculosis is one of the diseases with which we work at IRTA-CReSA. We can do this because we have a level 3 biocontainment unit that allows us to work directly and safely with the infectious agents that cause tuberculosis. Zoonoses like this, diseases that affect animals and people, are also one of the reasons that explain the existence of a research center like ours.
Campylobacter is one of the main responsible bacteria for foodborne diarrheal diseases. Most of the cases of diarrhea are associated with the consumption of food, mainly poultry meat contaminated with Campylobacter, hence, this bacterium represents a problem for food security of first order. Unlike Salmonella, Campylobacter is not part of the popular vocabulary, nor does it appear regularly in the media, although it is one of the pathogens responsible for the largest number of cases of diarrhea in humans in the European Union.
It already seem distant history the outbreaks of H5N8 highly pathogenic, for birds not for people, avian influenza, which took place a few months ago in Catalonia, which had an index case featuring a stork found dead in early February in the Aigüamolls de l’Empordà. The outbreak is over and nowadays, the farms, after the entry of sentinels that have given negative results are again under exploitation.
A few days ago, in Barcelona, an interesting debate was held on viruses transmitted by arthropods, that is, mosquitoes and ticks among others. The debate was a B-DEBATE, from the International Center for Scientific Debate, organized by Biocat, La Caixa Foundation and Barcelona Institute of Global Health (ISGlobal) and was quite interesting. A few notes.
Coronaviruses represent a threat to humans, as evidenced during the 2002/2003 coronavirus infection of Severe acute respiratory syndrome or SARS-CoV. The SARS-CoV caused more than 8,000 human infections with a mortality rate of 10% in a total of 37 countries. Ten years later, a new human coronavirus also causing respiratory syndrome, MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome) emerged in Saudi Arabia.
This week, from April 27th to 28th, the Twentieth EBSA conference, the European Biosafety Association, will take place in Madrid.
Following a story recently published in El País about an occupational infection perhaps it is worth talking about the waste management process in a research centres like ours, and some derivatives.
Moving towards an improved experimental model for reproduction of pneumonia induced by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
The 25th of April, Beatriz Garcia Morante will defend the PhD thesis entitled “Moving towards an improved experimental model for reproduction of pneumonia induced by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae” led by researchers Dr. Marina Sibila and Dr. Joaquim Segalés of IRTA-CreSA center. This thesis is the result of the work done during three years under an Industrial Doctorate scholarship. The close collaboration with the pharmaceutical company Boehringer Ingelheim has been absolutely fundamental and enriching for the PhD student, since it has offered another scientific perspective and made possible several trips to one of the company’s veterinary research centers, in Hannover (Germany).
Currently, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, more commonly known as PRRS, its acronym, represents one of the major headaches of the pig farms in the country. An outbreak of PRRS causes reproductive problems in sows, such as abortions in the last third of gestation, preterm delivery and birth of weak piglets, many of which die before they are weaned. In the transition piglets and fattening pigs PRRS is manifested by respiratory signs, growth retardation and increased mortality. As a result, the economic losses are very high, ii is indeed one of the most costly diseases for intensive pig production systems.